Missions of NASA are never-ending. According to the recent space study conducted by the space agency, researchers have found an adequate quantity of water in the atmosphere of an exoplanet. Two spies of NASA’s Spitzer and Hubble were set on the mission to find the atmospheric condition of a Saturn- mass exoplanet known as WASP-39b.
WASP-39b has three times the extra water as compared to Saturn. This exoplanet can pave a path for the researchers to understand how planets formed around the star’s millions and millions of year ago. Astronomers can learn more about the outer world and how life exists there or if humans have chances to reside on other planets.
Astronomers guessed the planet originated from a distant star that was barraged with an icy body. An investigator from the University of Maryland and the United Kingdom, Hannah Wakeford said, “We are looking at the outer world to better understand our own solar system.”
Wakeford analyzed the atmospheric nature of this exoplanet that seemed to be similar to Saturn. They detected water in the form of vapor in the atmosphere and not actual H20 in liquid form. Hubble and Spitzer have really done a fantastic job by capturing the thorough spectrum of exoplanet’s atmosphere. “The pictures captured by these two telescopes are the perfect example of how the atmosphere of exoplanets looks like”, says Wakeford.
WASP-39b is located in the constellation Virgo revolves around a sun-like star called as WASP-39. It is 20 times closer to its star as compared the Earth is to the Sun. It always shows the same face to its star.
The atmosphere of WASP-39b:
The day-time temperature of the exoplanet goes up to 1,430 degrees Fahrenheit. The winds blowing at the day-time carries hot winds towards the night-time thus making it even hotter. Though it is an exoplanet of Saturn, WASP-39b doesn’t have rings. It has a distended atmosphere with unrestricted high-altitude clouds.
Wakeford plans to burn James Webb Space Telescope in 2019 to get more idea and information on exoplanet’s atmosphere, its carbon content, infrared wavelengths more keenly than discovered by the other two existing spacecraft.